Rectilinear systems, grids are constructed and filled in alternately or by following a random path. Here the flat space so produced is contrasted with those constructed by means of convergent or divergent paths, which have more depth.
'Again using the complete sheet lay out rectilinear systems in two, three or even more directions; with a single or multiple colours, fill in systematically the intervals between the lines with a ratio as 1:1, 1:2 etc or in a deliberately random fashion.'

Fig.69. Grid of alternately filled intervals arising from an intersection of vertical and horizontal parallels
This seems as flat as a chess board, and yet in staring at it (especially as a larger more engulfing size) there arises optical displacement of the field as a whole.

Fig.70. Grid of alternately filled intervals arising from the intersection of two diagonal parallels
This seems like a diamond pattern but it processes an even greater degree of optical displacement as a whole.
These seem not to create space but rather a checkerboard because there are no vanishing points. It creates a barrier to space against which one might work.

Fig.71. Alternate filled intervals arising from diagonal and horizontal parallels
It seems that this too creates a pattern but not space. But with converging and diverging lines one has much more space even when alternate sections are filled in ratio 1:1.

Fig.72. Alternate filled intervals arising from two diverging systems which originate outside of the picture plane drawn irregularly
Does the inexactness of these create space?

Fig.73. An irregular grid of alternately filled intervals arises from the intersection of one converging axis (one vanishing point inside of the picture plane) and a divergent diagonal axis arising outside of the picture
Both the implied movement of the diagonals and the vanishing point suggest strong movement.

Fig.74. An irregular pattern of alternately filled intervals arises from the intersection of three diverging systems all originating outside of the picture space
This creates a violently oscillating space.

Fig.75. A basically irregular pattern of alternately filled intervals arising from the intersection of horizontal and vertical parallel lines with converging axis that yields triangular sections which arise and descend successively and randomly.

Fig.76. A basically irregular pattern of alternately filled intervals arising from the intersection of a convergent axis with two diverging diagonal systems creates an oscillating space
This creates an exfolding as seen through a prism. The eye is so saturated that the intersection of different levels arise and disappear successively at random; so it gives both geometrical forms, triangular sections including torsions and oblique rays.

Fig.77. Randomly filled intervals from the intersection of one convergent system with two diverging systems which originate outside of the picture plane create disorientation
Disorientated and floating surfaces give an impression of a disorganized three- dimensional space. Starting with order you create unexpected results.

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